Growth and Development
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF MOBILE PHONE.
The development of mobile phone has become so fast that it is difficult to keep up with it. if we look back at how it looked like in the past and were it is nowadays it is incredible to see how it has changed. With all there benefit they have become an irreplaceable part of live.
I know I’m not the only one who uses my mobile phone for almost everything but to make a call. Thanks to technological advances and the explosion of social media, we text, tweet or do Facebook posts on our devices. But beyond mere communications tools, mobile phones is also crucial for fostering economic activity and development in different countries.
Around 700 billion of people around the world have access to a mobile phone. The number of mobile subscriptions has actually grown from fewer than 1 billion in 2000 to over 6 billion now, of which nearly five billion are in developing countries, according to the from World Bank , Information and Communications for Development 2012.
This increasing use of mobile technology (Mobile technology and futures of Phones) in developing countries has allowed people to access the financial system, and governments to improve service delivery and citizen mechanisms. From making cash payments via cell phone in Nigeria and other country, to job-matching services in the Banks and Business area, to providing information services for Senegalese farmers, mobile phones seem to be doing a lot and provides payment easy for individual.
Now, they are also been used to measure poverty and gather development data better. Examples include high-frequency surveys in Latin America, as well as the “Listening to Africa” initiative, being implemented by my World Bank colleagues. “Collecting High-Frequency Data Using Mobile Phones.
This is an important development because one of the problems in Africa, for instance, is the lack of frequent surveys to gather information about socioeconomic conditions related to well-being, service delivery, income, security, health, and many other issues. Why? Because this type of survey is usually carried out face-to-face, thus is expensive.
As Jachitech Review on it, although phone surveys have been standard practice in developed countries, this has not been the case in poorer nations because phone ownership rates used to be too low. In Congo, for example, only one percent of homes had a land line in 2010. But all this has changed thanks to mobile phones. Mobile phone ownership increased from 9 percent in 2004-05 to 46 percent in 2010. And in Kenya, it is estimated that some 80 percent of adults have their own mobile phone.
The mobile surveys in South Sudan and Tanzania collected information on a wide variety of issues, like health, education, water, security, electricity and governance. “They have been used to ask perception questions on topics varying from what respondents considered the most pressing problems to be addressed by the city government to people’s opinion about the draft constitution,” explain authors Kevin Croke, Andrew Dabalen, Gabriel Demombynes, Marcelo Giugale and Johannes Hoogeven. The surveys have also been used to collect info for large scale programs on food fortification, and the data becomes of even greater interest when the same information is tracked over time.
Nevertheless, as promising as they are, mobile phones surveys are no substitute for lengthy household surveys. They are complementary and a great way to get rapid feedback and track issues over time. They are also a great way to provide governments and citizens with very relevant and timely data regarding public services, as long as there is proper dissemination of the results to the proper authorities, civil society and the media may be.
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